The preliminary design for the Brown’s single-family home is almost complete. The client and the architect meet to discuss further procedures and the building services.
George: Hello Tim.
Tim: Hello George. It’s great that you could find the time to come so quickly. We’ve got quite a few things that need discussing.
George: The technical matters, I assume.
Tim: Yes, that’s right. I don’t know if you’re aware, but all buildings nowadays have to be built according to the new building regulations, which have been adapted to incorporate some of the clauses from the European Directive. This generally means lots of insulation and a low energy demand.
George: Right. Does that mean a passive house or something like that, then
Tim: Well, a passive house is a standard which can be achieved by fulfilling certain requirements. It’s a design philosophy, but you can also have it certified.
George: What might I need a certificate for?
Tim: Well, more than anything it might make you feel good and might encourage others to do the same. There are, however, government schemes that subsidise green building. I’d have to find out exactly which ones might be appropriate. I know though that the government is subsidising heat pumps and off-grid power.
George: Oh, do you mean we could generate electricity with those solar panel things?
Tim: Well, that’s one possibility. There’s also the possibility to generate electricity with a micro generator. A micro generator would produce heat and power and, if you use a renewable energy source like wood pellets or chips, it could even be carbon-neutral.
George: Mm, interesting. So what are the requirements for a passive house?
Tim: (takes a look at his notes) The annual heating demand must be no more than 15kWh/m², which can be achieved with approximately 15 cm of insulation and triple glazing. The total primary energy demand must be no more than 120kWh/m² per year, so this also means lots of daylight, energy-saving appliances, like the washing machine and so on, and the building must be airtight, to be precise it may not leak more than 0.6 times the house volume per hour.
George: My goodness all that insulation and triple glazing. Will we be able to breathe?
Tim: Actually, that is a problem in these new very airtight buildings. And if we do go down this route, we’ll have to make sure the ventilation is sorted.
George: Do you mean, we’ll be needing an air-conditioning unit?
Tim: No, we’d use a fairly simple heat recovery ventilation system. Basically this provides a regular exchange of air without loss of heat in winter or cool air in summer.
George: What about solar panels though? It is the trend, isn’t it? Couldn’t we generate hot water in the summer and also electricity?
Tim: The roof that we’ve planned is actually perfectly inclined and oriented for the use of solar panels. If we do fit them, there will be a cost saving on roof tiles.
George: This is all quite complex and there are a lot of numbers involved. I presume the costs are also quite considerable, too. We’d like to go green, that’s one of the reasons why we’ve commissioned you. On the other hand, our budget is limited and I’m no expert when it comes to these technical matters. Could you draw up a realistic scheme that will meet passive house or low-energy house standards for us to discuss at our next meeting?
Tim: That sounds good. I’ll set up a meeting with our building services engineer and together we’ll draw up a plan including the necessary building services and update the cost estimate for your new home.
George: Great. Thanks. Let’s fix a meeting for next week then.
Are the following statements concerning the dialogue true or false?
|"Nice to meet you!" would have been the right expression to use at the beginning of the conversation.|
|The building regulations in the UK have adopted the requirements of the European Directives.|
|A green building certificate is required for every new build.|
|There are many subsidisation schemes for green buildings.|
|A passive house is an energy-autarchic house.|
|No CO2 is released when using a pellet-powered generator.|
|The architect suggests using solar panels to create synergy.|
|Cooperation with the civil engineer will be beneficial for the green building approach.|
|The slope of the roof is ideal for mounting solar collectors and photovoltaic panels.|